Cairo is the beautiful capital city of Egypt, known for its rich historical significance and full of vigour. Travellers love to visit Cairo to get the real feel of the Egyptian lifestyle and culture.
There’s plenty to explore and learn about Cairo. Find out the top places to visit at least once in a lifetime.
Pyramids of Giza
These wonderful pyramids are the highlight of the city and a must-visit attraction. Located on the Giza Plateau, these fourth dynasty funerary pyramids have a worldwide significance and wooing tourists for ages. The heat and the dust seems to be a bothering issue for some time, but then it’s worth it after you get settled with the amazing views.
The Pyramid of Cheops is the largest of them otherwise known as the Pyramid of Khufu or the Great Pyramid. It has a plain tomb chamber with a casket, so there is not much to view in the interior. Right behind it, you have the Solar Boat Museum that showcases the amazing sun-controlled barques that have been discovered and re-established in the area. Towards the south, there is the Pyramid of Chephren otherwise known as the Pyramid of Khefre which has a huge passage. Guarding all these structures is the Sphinx which is the highly praised landmark in Cairo faced like a Pharaoh.
Founded by a French Egyptologist August Mariette, there are close to 120,000 items placed in the collection of this museum that would take a whole lifetime to see everything on show. It has also known with different names such as the Museum of Egyptian Antiquities and the Museum of Cairo. There are some rarest and the most unique artefacts to check out that would give you a glimpse of the golden era of Egypt.
It is considered to be one of the most incredible exhibition centres in the world where millions of history fanatics stop by to learn about ancient Egypt. The architecture of the building is itself enough to take your interest by awe, besides that you need to check out the gold death mask of Tutankhamun, Mummies, the jewellery, and many other such antiques that would take you down the history line of Egypt.
This mosque is the city’s oldest surviving mosque which was completed in AD 972. It also holds one of the world’s oldest universities ie Al-Azhar University serving as a noted theological centre for the Islamic community.
It has a huge primary gateway with a stunning architecture. The main prayer hall has an area of 3000 square meters and the five minarets of the structure can be clearly viewed from the central courtyard. It attracts millions of visitors all around the world for religious as well as tourism purposes.
Also called Coptic Cairo, this small region is the most ancient part of the city and gives a deep overview of Egypt’s initial Christian period. This exists within the walls of Old Baylon where the first fortress was built along the river Nile. Parts of the Roman tower are still present on the main road.
The Coptic Museum has an abundance of information on the early Christian Period and also has some magnificent collections of Coptic Art. The real highlight to visit this place is the Church of St. Sergius and Bacchus which is locally famous for the family shelter for baby Jesus when he was born during King Herod’s massacre of male babies.
It is located on the foot of the huge Mokattam hills, the fortress was built in 1176 by Saladin. The establishment is also nicknamed as the ‘Alabaster Mosque’. It is a remarkable structure known for its white stoned architecture and the great Gawhara Terrace that gives scenic views of the town.
If you walk in the northeast direction, you’ll find the even more amazing El-Nasir Mosque which is essentially a collection of many small museums standing together like the Police Museum, the National Military Museum, the Carriage Museum, etc. which itself a treat to the eyes.
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