Dutch Language: Exploring the Language of the Netherlands

The Dutch language is a captivating blend of history, culture, and global influence. As an integral part of the Netherlands’ identity, this Germanic language has left an indelible mark on the world stage. It’s widely spoken from the Netherlands to Suriname to the Caribbean. From its roots in the old Frankish dialect to its global spread through maritime trade, colonialism, and cultural exchanges, the language has an intriguing story to tell.

The Birth and Evolution of the Dutch Language

An aerial view of Amsterdam, the best city in the world to explore the Dutch language | Davidsbeenhere
Dutch derives from a West Germanic language called Old Frankish, which evolved over centuries to become modern Dutch.

Dutch traces its origins back to Old Frankish, a West Germanic language spoken by the Franks in the area now known as the Netherlands and Belgium. This dialect gradually evolved into Old Dutch around the 5th century, marking the beginnings of a language that would eventually become a significant global player.

By the Middle Ages, Middle Dutch had emerged, giving rise to a rich body of literature and regional dialects. These dialectal variations would later play a key role in shaping the modern Dutch language. The evolution of Dutch is a testament to the dynamic nature of language, continuously adapting to the changing socio-cultural landscapes.

Dutch and the Global Trade Network

A food vendor in Amsterdam prepares tiny pancakes | Davidsbeenhere
The prosperity during Dutch Golden Age helped the Dutch Republic expand into Asia, Africa, and the Americas in the 17th century.

You can’t discuss the Dutch’s global impact without mentioning the Dutch Golden Age in the 17th century. This was a period of unprecedented prosperity and global trade expansion for the Dutch Republic, leading to the establishment of colonies in Asia, Africa, and the Americas.

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The Dutch East India Company and the Dutch West India Company became instrumental in global commerce during this time. The Dutch Republic’s trade dominance not only brought wealth but also established the Dutch language as a lingua franca in many trade hubs worldwide.

The Modern Dutch Language

Me and my amazing guide in the Netherlands | Davidsbeenhere
Dutch is prominently spoken in the Netherlands, Belgium, Suriname, Aruba, Curaçao, and Sint Maarten.

The current form of the Dutch language, or Nederlands, reflects a variety of influences. From loan words originating from trade relations with diverse countries like Portugal, Indonesia, and Japan, to the impacts of neighboring German and French, Dutch is a testament to the Netherlands’ global interactions.

While Dutch remains the official language of the Netherlands, it’s also prominent in parts of Belgium (as Flemish), Suriname, and the Caribbean territories of Aruba, Curaçao, and Sint Maarten.

Moreover, Afrikaans, a language spoken in South Africa and Namibia, is a daughter language of Dutch, further demonstrating the global footprint of the Dutch linguistic lineage.

The Dutch Language in Commerce

Learning the Dutch language along a canal in Amsterdam is a fun way to immerse yourself in the culture | Davidsbeenhere
Dutch is prominently used in international commerce and is tied to the Dutch Golden Age of the 17th century.

The prominence of Dutch in international commerce is closely tied to the Dutch Golden Age’s history and global influence. Here’s how it evolved:

  • Dutch East and West India Companies: These companies established trading posts, colonies, and territories in various parts of the world, disseminating the Dutch language.
  • Global Trade Network: The Dutch controlled vital trading routes and had exclusive access to certain commodities, making interactions with Dutch merchants almost unavoidable.
  • Maritime Power: The Dutch were famous for their advancements in shipbuilding, cartography, and navigation. Their nautical vocabulary spread across the globe.
  • Financial Innovations: The Amsterdam Stock Exchange, the world’s first official stock exchange, required international financiers to familiarize themselves with Dutch.
  • Cultural Influence: The Dutch had a significant cultural, scientific, and artistic impact during the Golden Age, further disseminating the language.
  • Colonial Expansions: Dutch colonial ventures introduced Dutch as an administrative and trade language in several regions.
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The Dutch Language Today

A beautiful sunset over Amsterdam, my favorite place to learn the Dutch language | Davidsbeenhere
Despite Dutch being the Netherlands’ national language, roughly 90% of its people also speak English.

Despite the global dominance of English in commerce, science, and diplomacy in the 19th and 20th centuries, Dutch continues to hold relevance in various domains and regions.

In the Netherlands, approximately 90% of the population speaks English. Consequently, English-speaking travelers usually find it easy to communicate with locals in cities like Amsterdam.

However, if you’re planning a trip to the Netherlands, learning a few Dutch language phrases can go a long way in enhancing your travel experience.

Basic Dutch Phrases for Travelers

Standing on a bridge overlooking a beautiful canal in Amsterdam, where you should try to learn the Dutch language | Davidsbeenhere
Any attempt to speak Dutch in the Netherlands will be appreciated by most locals!

Here are some quick Dutch language phrases to get you started:

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  • Hallo – Hello
  • Hoi – Hi
  • Goedemorgen – Good morning
  • Goedenmiddag – Good afternoon
  • Goedenavond – Good evening
  • Dag – Bye
  • Tot ziens – See you later

Travel & Shopping

  • Geldwisselkantoor – Money Exchange
  • Geldautomaat – ATM
  • Kassa – Cash desk
  • Postzegels – Stamps
  • Hoe kom ik naar…? – How do I get to…?
  • Hoe ver is het naar …? – How far is it to …?
  • Dichtbij / ver – Near / far
  • Rechts / links – Right / left
  • Rechtuit – Straight ahead

Days of the Week

  • Zondag – Sunday
  • Maandag – Monday
  • Dinsdag – Tuesday
  • Woensdag – Wednesday
  • Donderdag – Thursday
  • Vrijdag – Friday
  • Zaterdag – Saturday

Dutch Pronunciation

Trying a stroopwafel on the street in the Netherlands | Davidsbeenhere
As someone who speaks Spanish, English, and Italian, learning Dutch can be pretty difficult!

Pronouncing Dutch words can be challenging for non-native speakers. The Dutch language has unique sounds, and Dutch vowels are pronounced differently than their English counterparts.

Here’s a quick guide to help you with Dutch pronunciation:

  • A is pronounced as ‘ah’
  • E is pronounced as ‘A’
  • I is pronounced as ‘E’
  • EE is pronounced as ‘ayyy’
  • UI is pronounced like ‘OW’
  • IJ is pronounced as ‘I’
  • G is guttural and sounds like you’re making a hocking sound with your throat.

Dutch Language in Bars, Cafes, and Restaurants

Enjoying a flight of beers in the Netherlands, the best place on Earth to try out the Dutch language | Davidsbeenhere
The words “bier” and “wijn” go a long way when visiting a Dutch bar or restaurant.

Learning a few Dutch language words and phrases can make your dining experience more enjoyable in destinations like the Netherlands, Belgium, Suriname, and Curacao. Here are some essential Dutch words for drinks and food:

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  • Bier – Beer
  • Wijn – Wine
  • Thee – Tea
  • Koffie – Coffee
  • (Warme) Chocomel – (Hot) Chocolate
  • Melk – Milk
  • Frisdrank – Soda / fizzy drink
  • Cola – Cola
  • Sinas – Sinas


  • Bitterballen – Bitterballs
  • Kroket – Meat croquette
  • Vlammetjes – Piping hot meat or veggie filling in breadcrumbs or pastry
  • Kaas souffle – Cheese Souffle
  • Loempias – Crispy spring rolls (vegetarian or meaty)
  • Broodplank – Bread board
  • Olijven – Olives

Basic Dutch Language Phrases for Ordering Food

  • Ik wil graag… – I’d like…
  • Een menukaart alsjeblieft – A menu please!
  • Een [bier/wijn/koffie/thee] graag – A beer/wine/coffee/tea please
  • De rekening alsjeblieft – The bill please!

Embrace the Dutch Language

Three amazing new friends I made during my trip to The Netherlands | Davidsbeenhere
While learning Dutch is challenging for most, it’s well worth it in the end.

Whether you’re planning a trip to the Netherlands, studying its history, or simply curious about the language, a basic understanding of Dutch can open up a new world of possibilities. From its historical roots to its modern-day use, the Dutch language is a fascinating subject to explore.

Remember that, while learning a new language can be challenging, it’s also an opportunity for personal growth and cultural understanding. So go ahead and dive into the beautiful world of Dutch – who knows what adventures it might lead you to!

Learn to Speak Dutch Before Your Next Trip

Me holding a wheel of cheese at a market in Rotterdam, the Netherlands, another great spot to learn the Dutch language | Davidsbeenhere
There’s no doubt that the Dutch language has made an incredible mark on the world.

The Dutch language, a mesmerizing blend of history, culture, and international influence, is a captivating subject to explore. From its roots in Old Frankish to its global spread through maritime trade, Dutch has left an indelible mark on the world stage. Today, while English dominates global commerce, Dutch continues to hold its relevance in various domains and regions.

Whether you’re planning a trip to the Netherlands, studying its history, or simply curious about the language, a basic understanding of Dutch can truly enrich your experiences. So, dive in and start your Dutch adventure today!

NOTE: Need information about which travel documents you need for your next international trip? Check out my essential travel documents guide!

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